Handbags start with leather
Handbags start with leather
1. The meaning of leather
"Leather" is a common word in the leather products market. It is a customary name for natural leather to distinguish synthetic leather. In the concept of consumers, "genuine leather" also has a non fake meaning. It is mainly processed from animal skin. Leather has a wide variety, variety, structure, quality and price. Therefore, leather is not only the general name of all natural leather, but also a vague mark in the commodity market.
From a physiological point of view, any animal skin has hair, epidermis and dermis. Because the dermis contains reticular small fiber bundles, they all have considerable strength and air permeability.
2. Raw materials for leather making
The raw material for leather making is animal skin. Although the most common in our life are pig skin, cow skin and sheep skin, in fact, most animal skin can be used for leather making. However, cow leather, pig skin and sheepskin are the main raw materials for leather making because of their good quality and large output.
Although there are many kinds of raw leather for leather making, according to a series of laws and regulations such as the internationally issued animal protection regulations, the raw materials really used in the production of Dongguan handbags are limited to a certain extent. The commonly used leather is cow leather, sheep leather, pig leather and horse leather.
3. Characteristics and differences of leather
First layer leather and second layer leather: according to the hierarchy of leather, there are first layer leather and second layer leather. The first layer leather includes grain leather, shaving leather, embossed leather, special effect leather and embossed leather; The two-layer leather is divided into pig two-layer leather and cow two-layer leather.
Grain leather: among many leather varieties, full grain leather ranks first, because it is processed from superior raw material leather with less disability. The leather surface retains intact natural state and thin coating, which can show the natural pattern beauty of animal skin. It is not only wear-resistant, but also has good air permeability.
Shaving leather: it is made by lightly grinding the surface with a leather grinder, finishing it, and then pressing the corresponding pattern. In fact, it is "cosmetic surgery" on the natural leather surface with disability or roughness. This kind of leather almost lost its original surface state,
Characteristics of full grain leather: it can be divided into soft leather, wrinkled leather, front leather, etc. It is characterized by complete retention of grain surface, clear, small, compact pores, irregular arrangement, plump and fine surface, elasticity and good air permeability. It is a kind of high-grade leather. The leather products made of this cowhide are comfortable, durable and beautiful.
Characteristics of half grain leather: it is processed and ground into half grain leather by equipment in the manufacturing process, so it is called half grain leather. Part of the style of natural leather is maintained. The pores are flat, oval, irregularly arranged and hard to handle. Generally, raw leather with poor grade is selected. Therefore, it belongs to medium-grade leather. Due to the particularity of the process, its surface has no disability and scar, and its utilization rate is high, and its finished products are not easy to deform, so it is generally used for Dongguan handbags with large area.
Characteristics of shaved leather: also known as "smooth leather", the market is also known as fog face and bright face leather. It is characterized by flat and smooth surface without pores and skin lines. During production, the surface grain surface is slightly polished. A layer of colored resin is sprayed on the leather to cover the surface lines of the leather, and then water-based light permeable resin is sprayed. Therefore, it is a kind of high-grade leather. Especially the bright face leather, with its bright, dazzling, noble and gorgeous style, is the popular leather of fashion leather goods.
Characteristics of special effect cowhide: its manufacturing process requires the repair of finishing cowhide. It is only to add beads, metal aluminum or metal copper elements in the non-ferrous resin for comprehensive spraying on the leather, and then roll a layer of water-based light transparent resin. The finished product has various luster, bright village eyes and elegant. It is a popular leather at present and belongs to middle-grade leather. Embossed cowhide characteristics: heat and press various patterns on the leather surface with patterned flower boards (aluminum and copper) to form a style of leather. At present, "litchi grain cowhide" is popular in the market, which uses a flower board with litchi grain pattern, and the name is also called "litchi grain cowhide".
Two layer leather: it is made of thick leather by slicing machine. The first layer is used to make full grain leather or shaving leather. The second layer is made of two-layer leather through a series of processes such as coating or film sticking. Its fastness and wear resistance are poor, and it is the cheapest kind of leather of the same kind.
Characteristics of two-layer cowhide: the reverse side is the second layer of leather material of cowhide, and the surface is coated with a layer of PU resin, so it is also called film coated cowhide. Its price is cheap and its utilization rate is high. With the change of process, it is also made into varieties of various grades, such as imported two-layer leather. Due to the characteristics of unique process, stable quality and novel varieties, it is the current high-grade leather, and the price and grade are no less than the first layer leather. To learn more about handbags, you can visit the website directly