Handbags start with knowing leather
Handbags start with knowing leather
1. The meaning of genuine leather
"Leather" is a common word in the leather product market. It is a customary name for natural leather to distinguish synthetic leather. In the concept of consumers, "leather" also has a non-false meaning. It is mainly made from animal skins. There are many types of leather, various varieties, different structures, different qualities, and the price is also very different. Therefore, genuine leather is both a general term for all natural leather and a vague mark on the commodity market.
From a physiological point of view, any animal skin has hair, epidermis, and dermis. Because the dermis contains small mesh-like fiber bundles, they are quite strong and breathable.
2. Raw materials for tanning
The raw material for tanning is animal skin. Although the most common in our lives are pigskin, cowhide and sheepskin, in fact most animal skins can be used for tanning. But cowhide, pigskin and sheepskin have good quality and large output, and are the main raw materials for leather making.
Although there are many kinds of leather raw materials, according to a series of laws and regulations issued by the international animal protection regulations, the raw materials used for the production of Dongguan handbags are restricted to a certain extent. The commonly used leathers are: cow leather, sheep leather, pig leather And horse leather.
3. Characteristics and differences of leather
First layer leather and second layer leather: according to the leather layer, there are first layer leather and second layer leather, among which the first layer leather has grain leather, trimming leather, embossed leather, special effect leather, embossed leather; two layer leather It is divided into two layers of pigs and two layers of cow leather.
Grained leather: Among the many leather varieties, full-grained leather tops the list, because it is processed from the finest raw leather with less disability, the leather surface retains its natural state intact, and the coating is thin and can show The natural pattern of animal skin is beautiful. It is not only wear-resistant, but also has good breathability.
Finishing leather: It is made by using a leather grinding machine to lightly grind the surface and finish it, and then press the corresponding pattern. In fact, a "facelift" was carried out on a natural leather surface with a disability or roughness. This leather almost lost its original surface state,
Full grain leather characteristics: divided into soft leather, wrinkled leather, front leather, etc. The characteristic is to keep the grain completely, the pores are clear, small, tight, and irregularly arranged. The surface is full and detailed, full of elasticity and good breathability. It is a high-grade leather. Leather products made from this cowhide are comfortable, durable and beautiful.
Half-grain leather characteristics: In the production process, it is processed and grinded by equipment to only half of the grain, so it is called half-grain cowhide. Maintaining part of the style of natural leather, the pores are flat and oval, irregularly arranged, and hard to feel. Generally, raw materials with poor grades are used. So it is a mid-range leather. Due to the particularity of the process, there are no disability and scars on the surface, and the utilization rate is high. The finished product is not easy to deform, so it is generally used for Dongguan handbags with a large area.
Finishing cowhide characteristics: Also known as "glossy cowhide", the market is also known as matte, shiny cowhide. The characteristic is that the surface is smooth and smooth without pores and dermatoglyphics. In the production, the surface grain surface is slightly polished. A layer of colored resin is sprayed on the leather to cover the surface texture of the leather, and then the water-based light-transmitting resin is sprayed, so it is a high-grade leather . Especially shiny cowhide, with its dazzling, noble and gorgeous style, is a popular leather for fashion leather goods.
Special effect cowhide characteristics: The production process requires the same modified cowhide, but the colored resin is added with beads, metal aluminum or metal copper elements for comprehensive spraying on the leather, and then a layer of water-based light transparent resin is rolled, and the finished product has various gloss , Bright village head, graceful and luxurious, is the current popular leather, is a mid-range leather. Embossed cowhide characteristics: use patterned flower plates (aluminum, copper) to heat and press various patterns on the leather surface to form a style of leather. "Litchi grain cowhide" is currently popular in the market, which uses a flower plate with a litchi pattern, and the name is also called "lychee grain cowhide".
Two-layer leather: It is obtained by splitting the thick leather with a sheet leather machine. The first layer is used to make full-grain leather or trimming leather. The second layer is made into two-layer leather through a series of processes such as painting or filming. Its fastness is durable. Poorly abrasive, it is the cheapest kind of leather in its class.
The characteristics of the second layer of cowhide: The reverse side is the second layer of cowhide leather, coated with a layer of PU resin on the surface, so it is also called film cowhide. The price is cheaper and the utilization rate is high. With the change of technology, it is also made into varieties of various grades, such as imported two-layer cowhide. Due to the unique process, stable quality, novel varieties and other characteristics, it is the current high-end leather, the price and grade are no less than the first layer of genuine leather. For more information about handbags, you can visit the website directly